Malware in Gold Open Access Journals, 2018–Part 4: Brazil

I’ve now finished the scan of Brazil DOAJ journals (as of 1/1/2019), the fourth country with a significant number of malware infections in 2017, and the results are…mixed.

Here’s the spreadsheet of Brazilian DOAJ journals infected with malware when last checked–37 of them, unfortunately. If you want the plain-text URL, it’s here:

As with others it’s arranged by publisher first, then by journal.

That’s a small percentage of Brazil’s DOAJ members: 1301 when downloaded, up from 1,116 that were in the 2017 scan and are still around. Last year, there were 25 solid malware cases, and another nine that could be worked around, for a total of 34. So the total’s only up slightly, and I’m sure a fair number of these can also be worked around (that is, they have “outbound” malware calls that can be blocked without disabling the journal’s website–but shouldn’t be used unless you’re running high-quality real-time-scanning security software, such as Malwarebytes Pro.)

Unfortunately or perhaps not, the picture’s a bit more complex: of the XM infections from last year, 15 have been fixed and three have become unreachable, leaving seven that are still infected. But there are also eight newly-added journals that are malware-infected, and 13 others that have become infected. That’s not so good.

Four universities account for 23 of the problems; the others are scattered.

As always, I’ll test these at least once more, no earlier than April 15, 2019.

What about other countries?

There were other cases of malware, to be sure. Among the nearly 8,000 (7,990 to be precise) left to be scanned, I see 16 that were infected last year: one each from Chile, Italy, and Ukraine; two from Taiwan; three each from the Philippines and Portugal, and four from Iran. Some of those will have been fixed, and some new ones may emerge. Of the 1,800 or so journals I’d scanned before doing these four country scans, there were four malware cases: one each from Iran, Italy, Mexico and the US.

I’ll post a spreadsheet with all remaining malware cases in this year’s scan when the first scan is complete, but that won’t be until early April or very late March (in both cases, assuming all goes well).

Again, here’s the Brazil spreadsheet.

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