Archive for the '$4' Category

Maryland public libraries

Posted in $4 on January 23rd, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

With only 24 libraries (none omitted), distribution tends to be patchy. None of the libraries are badly funded (none spends less than $17 and only one spends less than $26). Most libraries fall into the upper middle on circulation, with none circulating fewer than two items per capita; 16 (two-thirds) circulate 6 to 16 items per capita (overall, half of the libraries are in that range). No library has 13 or more patron visits per capita, but half have six or more (compared to 42% overall). Relatively few libraries shine for program attendance, with only two (8%) having at least 0.7 attendance per capita (compared to 21% overall). No Maryland library has at least 3.5 PC uses per capita, but 71% have at least one (compared to 57% overall).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count %
18,500-24,999 1 4.2%
25,000-34,499 4 16.7%
34,500-53,999 3 12.5%
54,000-104,999 5 20.8%
105,000-4.1 mill. 11 45.8%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates strongly (0.63) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Note that the best-funded library spends just under $75 per capita, so this graph isn’t directly comparable to some others.

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Another contestant for “silliest graph”—and do note that only circulation points with libraries are included—it’s not at all a linear scale. (Yes, there is a market at every point: note the yellow dot at “2” above 25.)

Massachusetts public libraries

Posted in $4 on January 18th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

The 361 profiled libraries in Massachusetts (nine omitted) are distributed across all spending categories, but with very few in the bottom three brackets (and, correspondingly, somewhat more than average in the top six brackets). Even without adjusting for Massachusetts’ cost of living (123.3% of national average), the median benefit ratio in every spending category is 4.4 or higher; adjusted, they’re all at least 5.5. The libraries rate high in circulation—47% circulate 13 or more items per capita (compared to 25% overall) and only 7% circulate fewer than four (compared to 21% overall). Patron visits are also somewhat high, with 54% having at least six visits per capita (42% overall). The budget table for circulation is striking—not only does median circulation increase significantly with each expenditure bracket, the median exceeds 23 for libraries spending $53 to $72.99 and 30 for those spending $73 and more. Program attendance is fairly typical and PC use is just slightly on the low side.

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700

8

2.2%

6

700-1,149

16

4.4%

2

1,150-1,649

22

6.1%

1

1,650-2,249

18

5.0%

2,250-2,999

9

2.5%

3,000-3,999

27

7.5%

4,000-5,299

17

4.7%

5,300-6,799

24

6.6%

6,800-8,699

26

7.2%

8,700-11,099

24

6.6%

11,100-14,099

32

8.9%

14,100-18,499

39

10.8%

18,500-24,999

27

7.5%

25,000-34,499

30

8.3%

34,500-53,999

19

5.3%

54,000-104,999

19

5.3%

105,000-4.1 mill.

4

1.1%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Massachusetts public libraries show very strong correlation (0.78) between circulation per capita and spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Louisiana public libraries

Posted in $4 on January 16th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

Louisiana’s 68 libraries (none were omitted) are reasonably well distributed in terms of spending—a little low at the very top, but also low in the two lowest brackets. Circulation is distinctly on the low side, with no library circulating at least 17 items per capita and only 19% circulating at least six items per capita (compared to 64% overall). Spending does correlate with circulation on the benchmark side and, with one exception, on the budget side (the best-funded libraries generally circulate fewer items per capita than those spending $53 to $72.99). Patron visits are also low, with none hitting 9 or more visits per capita and only 25% at four or more (compared to 65% overall).

Program attendance is also low: 69% of the libraries have less than 0.3 attendance per capita, compared to 46% overall. Since 57% of the libraries have from 0.5 to 0.99 PC uses per capita, those figures are also on the low side (although very few libraries—6, or 9%–have less than 0.5 PC uses per capita).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count %
700-1,149 1 1.5%
1,150-1,649 1 1.5%
4,000-5,299 1 1.5%
5,300-6,799 2 2.9%
6,800-8,699 1 1.5%
8,700-11,099 4 5.9%
11,100-14,099 3 4.4%
14,100-18,499 6 8.8%
18,500-24,999 11 16.2%
25,000-34,499 6 8.8%
34,500-53,999 13 19.1%
54,000-104,999 5 7.4%
105,000-4.1 mill. 14 20.6%

Circulation per Capita and Spending per Capita

There’s only a moderate correlation (0.37) between circulation per capita and spending per capita for Louisiana libraries.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Kentucky public libraries

Posted in $4 on January 14th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

The 113 profiled libraries (four omitted) are mostly in the lower half of funding, with two-thirds spending between $12 and $30.99. Circulation also clusters somewhat low, with only 13% circulating at least 10 items per capita (compared to 38% overall) and 30% circulating 6 to 7.99. Expenditures do correlate with circulation—and that’s also true on the budget side, except that the single library spending $73 or more per capita has lower circulation per capita than most of those spending $53 to $72.99. No Kentucky library falls into the top bracket for patron visits per capita, and more than half have less than four (compared to 35% nationally); in this case, the budget table shows rising median visits per capita in every bracket.

Program attendance is just a little on the low side (mostly because only one library—not one of the better-funded ones—has 1.1 or more attendance per capita); PC use is distinctly low, with only 28% of libraries having at least 1.3 uses per capita (compared to 43% overall).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
1,650-2,249 1 0.9%
4,000-5,299 1 0.9% 1
5,300-6,799 2 1.8%
6,800-8,699 7 6.2%
8,700-11,099 6 5.3% 1
11,100-14,099 18 15.9%
14,100-18,499 19 16.8%
18,500-24,999 15 13.2% 1
25,000-34,499 13 11.5% 1
34,500-53,999 15 13.3%
54,000-104,999 11 9.7%
105,000-4.1 mill. 5 4.4%

Circulation per Capita and Spending per Capita

Circulation per capita in Kentucky libraries correlates strongly (0.64) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Kansas public libraries

Posted in $4 on January 11th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

The 306 libraries profiled in Kansas (22 omitted) are generally funded somewhat better than average, albeit not at the very high end: 56% spend between $31 and $72.99 per capita, compared to 40% overall. Even adjusted for Kansas’ somewhat low cost of living (91.7% of national average), the median benefit ratio in all spending categories is at least 4.3, and at least 5.5 for all but the best-funded libraries. Nearly half of the libraries (49%) circulate at least ten items per capita (compared to 38% nationally) and 48% have at least seven patron visits per capita (compared to 33% nationally). Except at the low end (the four lowest-spending libraries are circulating slightly more than those spending just slightly more), the budget table shows a consistent rise in median circulation for each expenditure category.

Program attendance is very strong, with 22% having at least 1.1 attendance per capita and 52% having at least 0.5 (compared to 9% and 33% overall). PC use is even stronger: 21% have at least 3.5 uses per capita (compared to 8% overall) and 54% have at least 1.7 (compared to 30% overall).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700 90 29.4% 21
700-1,149 42 13.7% 1
1,150-1,649 37 12.1%
1,650-2,249 32 10.5%
2,250-2,999 26 8.5%
3,000-3,999 13 4.2%
4,000-5,299 14 4.6%
5,300-6,799 6 2.0%
6,800-8,699 10 3.3%
8,700-11,099 10 3.3%
11,100-14,099 5 1.6%
14,100-18,499 2 0.7%
18,500-24,999 5 1.6%
25,000-34,499 3 1.9%
34,500-53,999 5 1.6%
54,000-104,999 1 0.3%
105,000-4.1 mill. 5 1.6%

Circulation per Capita and Spending per Capita

Circulation per capita correlates strongly (0.60) with spending per capita

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Graphing Public Library Benefits: Give Lulu $4

Posted in $4 on January 10th, 2013

The ebook (PDF, no DRM) Graphing Public Library Benefits is an experimental supplement to Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13). It’s a set of graphic equivalents to the tables in chapters 2-19 of that book–close to 600 in all–and it’s ebook-only because most of the graphs require multiple colors to work right.

I’ve said previously that, not only is there no DRM on the ebook, I’d be delighted if people passed it along–with the hope that readers will give me feedback (waltcrawford@gmail.com) as to what works and what doesn’t, and whether the graphs add value to the book.

I’m taking one more step to make that feasible: The price for the ebook is now based on the title of the main book.

$4.

That includes shipping and handling (neither of which apply).

That price will continue indefinitely.

If you’re at all interested in how public libraries can use existing numbers to help make their case for improved (or at least sustained) funding, you may want to look at this and, of course, the original book.

 

Indiana public libraries

Posted in $4 on January 9th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

Indiana’s 234 libraries (in the tables—four were omitted) are generally well funded, with 55% in the top three brackets (compared to 30% overall) and only 20, or less than 9%, in the bottom four brackets combined (compared to 39% overall). While low at the highest end, circulation is also strong, with 67% circulating eight or more items per capita (compared to 50% overall); except at the very bottom, expenditures and circulation track consistently.

Indiana libraries are also well visited, with 71% having five or more visits per capita and 45% having seven or more (compared to 54% and 33% overall). Program attendance is particularly strong, with 17% showing at least 1.1 attendance per capita (compared to 9% overall) and fully half showing at least 0.5 attendance (compared to 33% overall). PC use, although typical at the highest end, is quite high, with 62% having at least 1.3 uses per capita (compared to 43% overall). In short, Indiana’s libraries are both (with some exceptions) well-funded and well used.

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700 1 0.4% 2
700-1,149 7 3.0% 1
1,150-1,649 18 7.7%
1,650-2,249 19 8.1%
2,250-2,999 13 5.6%
3,000-3,999 14 6.0% 1
4,000-5,299 19 8.1%
5,300-6,799 11 4.7%
6,800-8,699 12 5.1%
8,700-11,099 22 9.4%
11,100-14,099 13 5.6%
14,100-18,499 16 6.8%
18,500-24,999 13 5.6%
25,000-34,499 22 9.4%
34,500-53,999 9 3.8%
54,000-104,999 15 6.4%
105,000-4.1 mill. 10 4.3%

Circulation and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates strongly (0.56) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Illinois public libraries

Posted in $4 on January 7th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

The 622 profiled libraries (12 omitted) are generally well funded, with more than 100 (16.6%) in the top bracket (at least $73 per capita) and only 15.7% in the bottom three brackets combined (compared to 28.2% overall). Circulation tends to be slightly high, with only 28% circulating fewer than 6 items per capita (compared to 36% overall). Circulation per capita and expenditures track perfectly, as is also the case in the budget table (where all figures—25%ile, median and 75%ile—rise consistently with expenditures). Visits per capita are strong in the upper middle, while program attendance and PC use are both fairly typical in distribution.

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700 12 1.9% 5
700-1,149 48 7.7% 3
1,150-1,649 47 7.6%
1,650-2,249 50 8.0% 1
2,250-2,999 53 8.5%
3,000-3,999 38 6.1% 2
4,000-5,299 50 8.0% 1
5,300-6,799 36 5.8%
6,800-8,699 36 5.8%
8,700-11,099 31 5.0%
11,100-14,099 35 5.6%
14,100-18,499 40 6.4%
18,500-24,999 34 5.5%
25,000-34,499 42 6.8%
34,500-53,999 33 5.3%
54,000-104,999 28 4.5%
105,000-4.1 mill. 9 1.4%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates strongly (0.75) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Idaho public libraries

Posted in $4 on January 2nd, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

The 101 libraries profiled (three are omitted) tend toward lower funding—some libraries are in every expenditure bracket, but 55% spend between $12 and $30.99. (On the other hand, only three libraries spend less than $12, while six libraries are in each of the top two spending brackets). Although only one library or system circulates at least 24 items per capita, circulation is slightly on the high side, with 60% circulating at least 8 items (compared to 50% overall). Idaho libraries also do well on patron visits, with 59% having 6 or more visits per capita (compared to 42% overall) and only 9% having less than three (compared to 22% overall). Program attendance is consistently on the high side, as is PC use (where 47% of the libraries had at least 1.7 uses per capita and 70% had at least one, compared to 30% and 57% overall).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700

11

10.9%

3

700-1,149

11

10.9%

1,150-1,649

7

6.9%

1,650-2,249

7

6.9%

2,250-2,999

8

7.9%

3,000-3,999

8

7.9%

4,000-5,299

4

4.0%

5,300-6,799

6

5.9%

6,800-8,699

10

9.9%

8,700-11,099

5

5.0%

11,100-14,099

3

3.0%

14,100-18,499

2

2.0%

18,500-24,999

3

3.0%

25,000-34,499

4

4.0%

34,500-53,999

6

5.9%

54,000-104,999

5

5.0%

105,000-4.1 mill.

1

1.9%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Correlation between circulation per capita and spending per capita is, while still moderate, unusually low at 0.31.


Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita


Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Iowa public libraries

Posted in $4 on December 31st, 2012

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

Iowa has a lot of public libraries for its three million people, 511 in the tables and another 30 omitted. They’re reasonably well distributed for expenditures—light at the top and very bottom, heavy in the middle. Whether adjusted or not, median benefit ratios for all expense categories are well above 4 (above 5 without adjustment). Circulation is just a bit on the low side, and expenses correlate very well with circulation. Patron visits tend slightly on the high side (with, again, full step-by-step expense correlation). Program attendance is slightly on the high side, with 53% having at least 0.4 per capita attendance (compared to 42% overall) and PC use per capita is significantly on the high side, with 31% having at least 2.25 uses per capita and 74% having one or more (compared to 19% and 57% overall).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700 94 18.4% 24
700-1,149 77 15.1% 4
1,150-1,649 55 10.8% 2
1,650-2,249 69 13.5%
2,250-2,999 39 7.6%
3,000-3,999 43 8.4%
4,000-5,299 24 4.7%
5,300-6,799 19 3.7%
6,800-8,699 20 3.9%
8,700-11,099 17 3.3%
11,100-14,099 16 3.1%
14,100-18,499 7 1.4%
18,500-24,999 8 1.6%
25,000-34,499 8 1.6%
34,500-53,999 5 1.0%
54,000-104,999 8 1.6%
105,000-4.1 mill. 2 0.4%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Unusually, there’s only moderate correlation (0.45) between circulation per capita and spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category


This blog is protected by dr Dave\\\\\\\'s Spam Karma 2: 104614 Spams eaten and counting...