Archive for the '$4' Category

South Carolina libraries

Posted in $4 on March 11th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options. Note that Lulu prices for the paperback and hardback versions are now lower.

Most of the 41 South Carolina libraries profiled (one was omitted) fall into the lower half of funding: 32 (78%) spend less than $26 per capita, and 20 of those (49%) spend less than $17. Circulation is distinctly low, with only 22% circulating at least 6 items per capita (compared to 64% overall) and none circulating 13 or more (compared to 25% overall). The same holds for patron visits: Only 24% report four or more visits per capita, compared to 65% overall. Similarly, no library reports 0.7 or more program attendance per capita and only 5% achieve at least 0.4 (compared to 42% overall). PC use is also low.

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
8,700-11,099 1 2.4%
14,100-18,499 1 2.4%
18,500-24,999 3 7.3%
25,000-34,499 7 17.1% 1
34,500-53,999 5 12.2%
54,000-104,999 11 26.8%
105,000-4.1 mill. 13 31.7%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

There’s very strong correlation (0.81) between circulation per capita and spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Note that there are no libraries in the $36-$42.99 and $73+ categories.

Rhode Island public libraries

Posted in $4 on March 8th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options. Note that Lulu prices for the paperback and hardback versions are now lower.

Of 43 Rhode Island libraries profiled (five were omitted), the bulk have either moderate or mediocre funding: 14 (33%) spend between $36 and $52.99 while 17 (40%) spend $21 to $30.99. None are at the very bottom; none are near the top ($53 to $72.99), but four are in the top bracket.

Circulation is fairly typical through the top, but only two libraries circulate fewer than four items per capita (that is, 5%, compared to 21% overall). Patron visits are just a bit low, but program attendance is distinctly low, with only 9% of the libraries achieving 0.5 or more attendance per capita (compared to 33% overall). PC use is also low, with 26% reporting at least 1.3 uses per capita (compared to 43% overall).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
700-1,149 0.0% 1
3,000-3,999 1 2.3%
4,000-5,299 1 2.3%
5,300-6,799 3 7.0%
6,800-8,699 4 9.3%
8,700-11,099 5 11.6%
11,100-14,099 2 4.7%
14,100-18,499 6 14.0% 1
18,500-24,999 7 16.3%
25,000-34,499 6 14.0% 2
34,500-53,999 3 7.0%
54,000-104,999 3 7.0% 1
105,000-4.1 mill. 2 4.7%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates very strongly (0.75) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

There are no libraries in the $5-$11 and $53-$72 range, but the legends appear for consistency.

Pennsylvania public libraries

Posted in $4 on March 6th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options. Note that Lulu prices for the paperback and hardback versions are now lower.

Pennsylvania’s 391 profiled libraries (another 66 omitted) are generally not
very well funded: more than three-quarters are in the bottom four spending brackets, compared to roughly 40% overall. Circulation is low, with only 31% circulating at least eight items per capita (compared to 50% overall). Patron visits are also low, with 32% reporting at least five visits per capita (compared to 54% overall). Program attendance is also somewhat low—and PC use is very low, with only 26% of libraries reporting at least one use per capita (compared to 57% overall).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
700-1,149 1 0.3% 5
1,150-1,649 2 0.5% 7
1,650-2,249 7 1.8% 11
2,250-2,999 10 2.6% 7
3,000-3,999 12 3.1% 10
4,000-5,299 17 4.3% 9
5,300-6,799 32 8.2% 9
6,800-8,699 35 9.0% 1
8,700-11,099 28 7.2%
11,100-14,099 45 11.5% 1
14,100-18,499 45 11.5% 1
18,500-24,999 50 12.8% 1
25,000-34,499 37 9.5% 1
34,500-53,999 31 7.9% 2
54,000-104,999 27 6.9% 1
105,000-4.1 mill. 12 3.1%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates strongly (0.60) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) by spending category

Oregon public libraries

Posted in $4 on March 4th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options. Note that Lulu prices for the paperback and hardback versions are now lower. Oregon librarians and libraries should also remember that a special Oregon/Washington report is available, at no cost for the PDF.

The 123 profiled libraries in Oregon (four were omitted) are broadly distributed in terms of spending, with slightly more near the top and only two libraries in the bottom bracket. Median benefit ratios are consistently higher than 4.7 without adjusting for cost of living, 5.4 with that adjustment.

Those high benefit ratios should translate to fairly strong usage, and they do. One out of six libraries circulates 24 or more items per capita and 41% circulate 13 or more (compared to 25% overall); spending correlates with circulation. Patron visits are also fairly strong, with 44% of the libraries having seven or more visits per capita (compared to 33% overall). Program attendance is fairly typical; PC use per capita is slightly above average.

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700 8 6.5% 1
700-1,149 7 5.7% 1
1,150-1,649 1 0.8%
1,650-2,249 11 8.9%
2,250-2,999 6 4.9%
3,000-3,999 8 6.5%
4,000-5,299 3 2.4% 1
5,300-6,799 9 7.3%
6,800-8,699 5 4.1%
8,700-11,099 7 5.7%
11,100-14,099 9 7.3%
14,100-18,499 6 4.9%
18,500-24,999 13 10.6%
25,000-34,499 10 8.1%
34,500-53,999 5 4.1%
54,000-104,999 7 5.7% 1
105,000-4.1 mill. 8 6.5%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates strongly (0.58) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Oklahoma public libraries

Posted in $4 on March 1st, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options. Note that Lulu prices for the paperback and hardback versions are now lower.

Most of Oklahoma’s 115 profiled libraries (one library omitted) are neither well funded nor very badly funded, with only nine libraries (8%) spending at least $43 per capita (compared to 30% overall) and only four (4%) spending less than $12. Benefit ratios are consistently above 4, even after adjusting for Oklahoma’s 88.1% cost of living.

Circulation is on the low side, with only 13% of libraries circulating at least 10 items per capita (compared to 38% overall). Patron visits are also low, mostly because only 13 libraries (11%) have at least nine visits per capita (compared to 20% overall). Program attendance is also on the low side, but PC use is strong, with 56% of the libraries having at least 1.3 uses per capita (compared to 43% overall).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700 4 3.5% 1
700-1,149 11 9.6%
1,150-1,649 17 14.8%
1,650-2,249 9 7.8%
2,250-2,999 13 11.3%
3,000-3,999 8 7.0%
4,000-5,299 7 6.1%
5,300-6,799 9 7.8%
6,800-8,699 3 2.6%
8,700-11,099 6 5.2%
11,100-14,099 4 3.5%
14,100-18,499 7 6.1%
18,500-24,999 4 3.5%
25,000-34,499 2 1.7%
34,500-53,999 4 3.5%
54,000-104,999 2 1.7%
105,000-4.1 mill. 5 4.3%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates moderately well (0.49) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Ohio public libraries

Posted in $4 on February 27th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options. Note that Lulu prices for the paperback and hardback versions are now lower.

The 249 libraries profiled (two omitted) are generally well supported, with 61% in the top four brackets. The benefit ratio is consistently over 5 before adjusting for Ohio’s 92.8% cost of living, and over 4.8 after that adjustment.

Circulation is strong: 28% of libraries circulate 24 or more items per capita and 74% circulate at least 10 (compared to 6% and 38% overall); only tree libraries circulate fewer than four items per capita. Expenditures correlate consistently with circulation. Patron visits are also strong, with 51% having seven or more visits per capita (compared to 33% overall). The budget table is striking for circulation: the median for libraries with the best funding is just under 43 circulation per capita (and 38 of the libraries are in that top bracket). The correlation between spending and circulation is also consistent in the budget table.

Program attendance is slightly on the high side of typical, as is PC use.

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700 0.0% 1
700-1,149 3 1.2%
1,150-1,649 3 1.2%
1,650-2,249 3 1.2%
2,250-2,999 6 2.4%
3,000-3,999 6 2.4%
4,000-5,299 12 4.8%
5,300-6,799 24 9.6% 1
6,800-8,699 14 5.6%
8,700-11,099 26 10.4%
11,100-14,099 21 8.4%
14,100-18,499 14 5.6%
18,500-24,999 19 7.6%
25,000-34,499 23 9.2%
34,500-53,999 26 10.4%
54,000-104,999 28 11.2%
105,000-4.1 mill. 21 8.4%

Circulation and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates very strongly (0.84) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

New York public libraries

Posted in $4 on February 25th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options. Note that Lulu prices for the paperback and hardback versions are now lower.

New York has the second largest number of libraries (second only to Maine): 745 in the tables, 11 omitted. Many of New York’s libraries are quite well supported, with nearly a quarter in the top bracket and 37% in the top two (compared to 20% overall). Circulation is fairly strong, with 49% circulating at least 10 items per capita and 63% doing eight or more (compared to 38% and 50% overall); expenditures track consistently with circulation. Patron visits are also fairly strong, with 42% of the libraries having seven or more visits per capita (compared to 33% overall); spending also tracks consistently with patron visits. (The budget tables also show consistent correlation between spending and both circulation and visits.)

Program attendance is also fairly strong, with 47% having at least 0.5 attendance (compared to 33% overall). PC use is almost exactly typical, never varying by more than 2% from the national figures.

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700 45 6.0% 2
700-1,149 36 4.8% 1
1,150-1,649 50 6.7% 2
1,650-2,249 51 6.8% 2
2,250-2,999 58 7.8% 2
3,000-3,999 57 7.7%
4,000-5,299 57 7.7% 1
5,300-6,799 65 8.7%
6,800-8,699 47 6.3% 1
8,700-11,099 35 4.7%
11,100-14,099 43 5.8%
14,100-18,499 46 6.2%
18,500-24,999 33 4.4%
25,000-34,499 48 6.4%
34,500-53,999 43 5.8%
54,000-104,999 20 2.7%
105,000-4.1 mill. 11 1.5%

Circulation and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates strongly (0.51) with spending per capita

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

Nevada public libraries

Posted in $4 on February 22nd, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

Nevada’s 22 libraries (none omitted) have a range of funding—indeed, nine of the ten brackets are occupied (no libraries spend less than $12 per capita), with the only real clusters being the four libraries spending $53 to $72.99 and the seven spending $26 to $30.99. With so few libraries and systems, other tables are predictably choppy—but it’s fair to say that circulation is on the low side (only 27% circulate at least eight items per capita, compared to 50% overall), as are visits (18% have at least six patron visits per capita, compared to 42% overall). In both cases, the single library in the highest bracket (it is the same library) is also exceptionally well-funded ($398.04 per capita).

Program attendance is low and odd: While 18% have at least 0.7 attendance per capita, that same percentage applies for 0.4 or more—leaving 82% with less than 0.4 (compared to 58% overall), and 64% in the lowest two brackets (compared to 31% overall). PC use is also on the low side.

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count %
700-1,149 2 9.1%
1,150-1,649 2 9.1%
2,250-2,999 1 4.5%
4,000-5,299 3 13.6%
6,800-8,699 1 4.5%
8,700-11,099 1 4.5%
14,100-18,499 2 9.1%
25,000-34,499 1 4.5%
34,500-53,999 3 13.6%
54,000-104,999 2 9.1%
105,000-4.1 mill. 4 18.2%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates almost perfectly (0.97) with spending per capita, but that may be an artifact of the peculiar distribution: One (small) Nevada library spends several times as much per capita as any other—and circulates several times as many items as any other.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category—an essentially meaningless chart in this case.

New Mexico public libraries

Posted in $4 on February 20th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

The 80 profiled libraries in New Mexico (11 omitted) range broadly in terms of spending, but with quite a few at the top (24%) and very few at the bottom (only 18% in the bottom three brackets combined). Circulation is on the low side, with only 36% circulating at least six items per capita (compared to 64% overall). On the other hand, patron visits are strong: 35% have at least nine visits per capita (compared to 20% overall). More libraries than usual are in the top bracket for program attendance, although the numbers are fairly typical below that group of 13 libraries—and PC use is very strong, with 46% of the libraries having at least 2.25 uses per capita (compared to 19% overall).

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
<700 7 8.8% 5
700-1,149 10 12.5% 2
1,150-1,649 5 6.3% 2
1,650-2,249 5 6.3%
2,250-2,999 8 10.0%
3,000-3,999 5 6.3% 1
4,000-5,299 5 6.3% 1
5,300-6,799 5 6.3%
6,800-8,699 3 3.8%
8,700-11,099 7 8.8%
11,100-14,099 2 2.5%
14,100-18,499 5 6.3%
18,500-24,999 2 2.5%
25,000-34,499 4 5.0%
34,500-53,999 1 1.3%
54,000-104,999 3 3.8%
105,000-4.1 mill. 3 3.8%

I believe this may be the smallest number of libraries so diverse as to have at least one in each of the 17 size brackets!

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates moderately (0.39) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category

New Jersey public libraries

Posted in $4 on February 18th, 2013

Another post commenting on Chapter 20 of Give Us a Dollar and We’ll Give You Back Four (2012-13)–now available as a $9.99 Kindle ebook or $21.95 paperback with ISBN 978-1481279161 on Amazon, along with the usual Lulu options.

Most of New Jersey’s 268 libraries (in the tables: 32 others omitted) are quite well supported, with more than a quarter in the top bracket ($73 to $399.99 per capita) and 69% in the top three brackets (compared to 30% overall). Also worth noting: almost none of New Jersey’s libraries (in the tables at least) are badly supported: there are only 16 libraries (6%) in the bottom four brackets combined, and only one in the bottom bracket.

Circulation is fairly typical (with, if anything, a very slight bulge in the middle, from 6 to 9 circulation per capita). Expenditures correlate consistently with circulation, from the $27.02 median for libraries circulating less than two items per capita to the $101.76 median for those circulating 24 or more.

Patron visits are fairly strong, with two-thirds of the libraries having at least five visits per capita (compared to 54% overall); it’s actually strongest in the second and third brackets (7 to 12.99 visits), with 36% of the libraries (compared to 24% overall). Program attendance is slightly on the low side, with most libraries—nearly half—in the 0.3 to 0.69 brackets.

Libraries by legal service area

LSA Count % Outliers
1,150-1,649 2 0.7% 4
1,650-2,249 4 1.5% 1
2,250-2,999 5 1.9% 3
3,000-3,999 5 1.9% 3
4,000-5,299 11 4.1% 5
5,300-6,799 19 7.1% 3
6,800-8,699 28 10.4% 8
8,700-11,099 31 11.6% 5
11,100-14,099 29 10.8%
14,100-18,499 25 9.3%
18,500-24,999 27 10.1%
25,000-34,499 20 7.5%
34,500-53,999 26 9.7%
54,000-104,999 22 8.2%
105,000-4.1 mill. 14 5.2%

Circulation per capita and spending per capita

Circulation per capita correlates very strongly (0.72) with spending per capita.

Circulation per capita plotted against spending per capita

Circulation per capita (rounded) occurrence by spending category


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